India is a country in South Asia.It is the 7th largest
country by area, the second most populous country
The national flag of India was adopted in its present form
during the meeting of Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947.
The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya.
Saffron(top) indicates the strength and courage
of the country.White(middle) indicates peace and truth
with Dharma Chakra. Green(bottom) indicates the fertility,
growth and auspiciousness of the land.The Ashoka Chakra
is a depiction of the Buddhist Dharmachakra with 24 spokes.
The lion capital of Saranath has been adopted as the National
Emblem of the Republic of India.The wheel also denotes
motion. There is death in stagnation. The wheel represents
the dynamism of a peaceful change.
31 States, 1618 languages,6400 castes,6 religions,29 major
festivals and 1 country.
3 National festivals are-Gandhi Jayanti, Republic Day
and Independence Day.
”Jana Gana Mana” is the national anthem of India,
written by Rabindranath Tagore.2 other patriotic poems
that have an equal status with Jana Gana Mana are–
”Vande Mataram”(composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.
Saare Jahan Se Achcha Hindu sitaa Hamaara(written by Muhammad Iqbal)
National animal of India is Tiger(Symbolizes power).
National Bird—Peacock (symbolizes elegance)
National flower–Lotus (symbolizes purity)
National fruit–Mango(tropical climate of India)
There is no national language in India but 8th schedule
of Constitution recognizes 22 regional languages as
At present we have 29 states and 7 union territories.
After inclusion of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh
the reorganization bill will be passed on 31 October
India’s population is 133.92 crores. As per India’s census
2010, youth(15 to 24 years) in India constitute one -fifth
(35.11%) of India’s total population.