There are 12 mythical and historical reasons why Diwali is celebrated.
1.Goddess Lakshmi’s birthday. According to mythology she was first
incarnated on the new moon day of the Kartik month during the
churning of the milk by Gods and demons.
2.Lord Vishnu rescued Lakshmi from the prison of king Mahabali.
Lord Vishnu in His 5th incarnation as Vamana avatara approached
Bali for some charity. King Bali couldn’t refuse the Brahmin’s offer.
He was tricked into giving up his kingship and wealth(of which Lakshmi
is said to be the Goddess)
3.Demon Narakasura could only be killed by his mother Bhudevi and
Shri Krishna’s wife Satyabhama who was an incarnation of Bhudevi killed him.
4.The return of Pandavas from their 12 years of banishment as a result of
their defeat in the hands of the Kauravas, at the game of dice(gambling).
The subjects who loved Pandavas celebrated the day by lighting the
5. The victory of Rama who vanquished the demon king Ravana
on new moon day of Kartik and returned to Ayodhya. The citizens
of Ayodhya decorated the entire city with the earthen lamps and
illuminated it like never before in honour of Rama;s victory.
6.Coronation of king Vikramaaditya.
7. Special day for the Arya Samaj. Swami Dayananda Saraswati
19th century scholar, the founder of Arya Samaj attained his nirvana.
8.Mahavira Tirthankar who the founder of modern Jainism also
attained Nirwana on Diwali day.
9.Goddess Kali is worshiped to help in destroying evil both external
and internal to us and also to get her blessings for general happiness,
health, wealth and peace.
10, Diwali also falls in the time of Kharif crop.
11.Hindu New Year Day. Hindu businessmen offer pujas, start
new books of accounts and pay off all the debts to start a new
12.Special day for the Sikhs. The foundation stone of the golden
temple at Amritsar was laid on Diwali day in 1577. Diwali is
important for Sikhs because it celebrates the release from
prison, of the 6th Guru Hargobind and 52 other princes with
him in 1619, imprisoned by Emperor Jahangir.Sikh’s festival
Bandi Chhor Diwas coincides with the day of Diwali.The third
Sikh Guru Amar Das institutionalized Diwali as a Red Letter Day,
when all the Sikhs would gather to receive the Guru’s blessings.
The 5 days of Diwali are-
Day one-Dhanteras(Day of fortune)
Day two-Naraka Chaturdashi (Day of knowledge)
Day three-Diwaali (Day of light)
Day four-Annakut (New Year)
Day five-Bhai Duj (Day of love between siblings)
Whatever the cause behind its celebration,
Diwali is undoubtedly a national festival of India,
enjoyed by most Indians regardless of faith.
The festival of light celebrates the victory of light
over darkness, good over evil and knowledge over